Education in Canada
Education in Canada is mainly provided publicly. It is funded by the federal, government of provinces and local governments of Canada. Education is regulated and governed by each provincial government separately.
Education in Canada is generally divided into primary, secondary and post-secondary education. Under the provincial government there are district school boards managing and governing the educational programs. Education is compulsory up to the age of 16 years in all the provinces of Canada. In New Brunswick and Ontario, education is compulsory up to the age of 18 years. The school session generally starts from September and continues till the end of June.
Currently, junior kindergarten is officially available in Ontario. Kindergarten is present in all provinces. The age of compulsory entry in school is between 4-7 years of age.
Previously all provinces had education system divided on the basis of religion but nowadays many provinces have abolished it.
There are private schools as well in Canada. About 8% of Canadian students are doing their schooling from private institutions. Some students are also given education at home, which is known as home schooling. Each provinces of Canada deals with private religious schools as well. Ontario has numerous Jewish, Christian and Muslim schools funded by donations. There are also charter schools in Alberta.
In Canada there are various language schools which teach English or French as the second language to the people.
Almost all the post secondary institutions of Canada have the power to grant degrees or diplomas. Universities grant bachelors, masters or doctorate degrees while colleges which only offer vocational programs, grant diplomas and certificate courses. There are even private universities in Canada.
Canada is an English speaking country. It is considered to be a safe country. Canada has a relatively low cost of living if we compare it to any other English speaking industrialized country. There are online or distance courses available in Canada for the adults.
There are classes conducted during the summer season but students generally do not attend the summer schools. Some children visits summer camps where they participate in the extra-curricular activities like swimming, boating, dancing, drama, painting, art and crafts, playing cricket and so on. They also learn to use a computer.
Some of the major universities of Canada are University of Alberta, British Columbia Institute of Technology, Brandon University, Lansbridge University, Algoma University, Queen's University, Brock University, and many more.